12 World Famous Photos and Stories Behind Them

Choosing a batch of world famous photos is really complex but really fun to do because studying images is, for me, the best way to learn about photography in its essence. Photography, for me, is about capturing meaningful stories and nothing more. It is completely normal to expect readers to comment on the inclusion or exclusion of certain images.

The purpose is not to exclude or include but to mention world famous photos that have been renowned as iconic due to their social and anthropological importance.

Photography is a way of feeling, of touching, of loving. What you have caught on film is captured forever… It remembers little things, long after you have forgotten everything.
Aaron Siskind

12 World Famous Photos and Stories Behind Them

To me, photography is an art of observation. It’s about finding something interesting in an ordinary place… I’ve found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them.

Elliott Erwitt

A tear contains an ocean. A photographer is aware of the tiny moments in a person’s life that reveal greater truths.


Get Inspired by World Famous Photos

Please feel free to share other images that could be considered as historically important in order to get a richer experience through the social development of these words. Without further ado, let’s talk about some world famous photos.

1. Sharbat Gula – Steve McCurry – 1984

Published for the first time in 1985, the iconic portrait of a young afghan girl, a refuge from the war, still evokes a deep and complex mix of feelings and emotions to this day. After seventeen years, Steve McCurry found her and portrayed her again.

Sharbat Gula - Steve McCurry – 1984
© Steve McCurry

This image is a superb portrait of all portraits of all time for me. This is due to many things, but the primordial is that eerie feeling of indefinite expression (I guess this is why some people have stated that this picture is the modern Mona Lisa).

The moment Steve McCurry captured is so intense that I could only guess that this is evidence of the transition between recognizable emotions. Her beautiful green eyes, her skin, her hair, her fragile clothes, the outstanding sharpness of the image, the complementary colors, her soul-piercing look, everything in this picture, speaks.

I remember when I first saw this photo, I imagined Steve McCurry running on a random street and capturing this image almost candidly. Later on, I learned that it wasn’t like that, and it doesn’t matter to me; this portrait is sublime and perfect; it speaks about the universality of the human being.

A couple of years ago, I saw this video, and I understood the importance of having agile and well-intended social skills in order to capture meaningful pictures.

Steve McCurry wasn’t running away from the bullets like a superhero-portrayed him when I saw this image for the first time (at least with photographic awareness of what could have implied capturing an image like this one surrounded by a bellic context), but he was at a school, and he managed to let her almost want the picture. His skills were beyond amazing. We have the wrong idea that kids don’t understand things and could easily be tricked out. But kids don’t lie, and they have a lot of temper and character, and this is completely tangible in the iconic portrait of Sharbat Gula. And after 17 years, he found her again.

And for the techy and curious ones, he shot this image with the legendary Kodachrome film, with a Nikon FM2 and a trusty Nikkor 105mm f/2.5.

2. Falling Soldier – Robert Capa – 1936

Robert Capa acquired a great and vast experience as a war photographer during the Spanish Civil War, and with this image, the Persona behind Robert Capa got a great degree of recognition at a global scale.

World Famous Photos - Falling soldier - Robert Capa – 1936
© Robert Capa

Taken near Córdoba during the first months of the war, the image depicts a soldier that has just been shot. Published for the first time in the 23rd issue of the French magazine Vu, the photograph was printed and reprinted over and over again and became the war’s icon and one of the most famous war photographs ever taken. Two years after that picture, the British magazine Picture Post stated that this 25-year-old photographer was the best war photographer in the world.

The image is really controversial because it has been surrounded by many theories that debate its authenticity. It has been said that the image, in fact, was staged. Nevertheless, the image shows a clear reality about people’s harsh vulnerabilities during the war.

The image shows the soldier’s rifle falling while the soldier’s body falls to the ground. The image shows the fragility and the immediacy in which death could happen to a human being.

3. Migrant Mother – Dorothea Lange – 1936

Migrant Mother from Nipomo, a picture taken by Dorothea Lange in her home state California, is the emblematic icon of the harsh realities Americans endured during the Great Depression of the 1930s. This is the most well-known image taken by during the project commissioned by the Farm Security Administration in the pursuit of capturing the impact of the Great Depression on American Families.

Dorothea Lange stated that she found this woman while working on the journalistic project; she was a mother of seven children and spent as little as ten minutes picturing them. The image is a pure capture of a real moment in time.

World Famous Photos - Migrant Mother - Dorothea Lange – 1936
© Dorothea Lange

This image is the archetype that represents the victims of such economic struggle, and the portrait centers at first on just one person. Dorothea Lange didn’t mention the name of the woman, and decades later, it was recognized that the woman, in fact, was Florence Owens Thompson, which lived at that time in the Cherokee territories of Oklahoma.

The fact that the name wasn’t stated by the photographer makes a complex deal around the job of a photojournalist in documentary work, but I personally think that she knew about the importance of the image as an archetype, and the name wasn’t necessary. But, the same Florence Owens Thompson recognized years later that she wasn’t comfortable that her image worked as the eternal depiction of poverty. The image is also part of the assets of MoMA.

If we study the image, we can easily recognize her as the center of the image. Lange had a fixation on hands as symbols of the hard work many people had to perpetrate for a living, and this one is no exception, but here the hands show us a little more; they show us a great amount of worrying. And last but not least, the three children in the image. There are two kids framing Florence side by side, and suddenly, we can see a baby that looks vulnerable to the harsh realities surrounding them.

We can say that the punctum of the image is the worry in her eyes and hands, and the studium of the image is the difficult context of raising a vast family under the struggles of the depression.

4. Hyeres – Henri Cartier-Bresson – 1932

Cartier-Bresson was known for his challenging approach of not cropping his images and showcasing them right as they were framed in-camera. He talked a lot about the Decisive Moment, which in a few words, is the ability to capture a moment right before it happens. I don’t remember the source, but I heard once that he said (and this one was printed in my memory) that if you had seen the moment, it had just occurred, and that one as a photographer must be able to see the moment before it happens.

World Famous Photos - Hyeres - Henri Cartier-Bresson – 1932
© Henri Cartier-Bresson

The image called Hyeres by Cartier-Bresson is almost all the illustration needed in order to comprehend composition. We have a rule of thirds everywhere, but mainly on the bicycle rider, and we have leading lines everywhere, from the sidewalk to the obvious swirl on the hand railing of the stairs. And if that wasn’t enough, the slow shutter speed shows a great sense of movement and dynamism of the rider exiting the scene.

The picture itself was taken in Hyeres in 1932 and has been present as an iconic image of Henri Cartier-Bresson during several retrospectives. The decisive moment here is obvious, and it beautifully juxtaposes the freedom of the rider, with the rigid soul of the balcony and the railings. The image seems even to be taken by accident, but thanks to his theory of the decisive moment, chances of doing things the way he intended were and are on his side. We can also think that this was the product of a long wait, which is, in fact valid. Photography is about patience, and we must never forget it.

5. Steve Jobs – Albert Watson – 2011

Iconic, simple, intriguing, just like his legacy. Soon after passing away, Steve Jobs’s portrait became the landing image of apple.com, and I think that it is one of the most important portraits of our current times. The image was taken by Albert Watson in a 4×5 camera, an ironic twist for such an innovative person as Jobs.

World Famous Photos - Steve Jobs - Albert Watson – 2011
© Albert Watson

It doesn’t really matter what sort of technicalities Watson defined for this portrait, the image is about one person and nothing more. The pose of his hand suggests constant thinking, and the subtle smile drawn on his face transmits great energy and confidence. The look pierces into the viewer, and the black and white choice was the perfect way to go in order to avoid any distractions.

Few people have not seen this picture of Steve Jobs, and the way it was spread around the globe made it an iconic portrait of our times in no time.

6. Lunchtime atop a Skyscraper – Charles C. Ebbets – 1932

This image shows the tranquility of eleven of the several workers that worked during the construction of 30 Rockefeller Plaza in Manhattan. They are not just relaxed over the crossbeam but also having lunch, which gives the image a curious character.

World Famous Photos - Lunchtime atop a Skyscraper - Charles C. Ebbets – 1932
© Charles C. Ebbets

The image is very iconic and was taken by Charles C. Ebbets in 1932, and there has been a lot said about whether the scene really happened or if it was just a publicity maneuver for some sort of reason, but it doesn’t diminish the fact that the men were real ironworkers at the 69th floor of the building on the last stages of its construction, and there have been numerous claims regarding the identities of the men in the image.

The image has been a great icon of the hard-working culture of the human being and a great example of how much has evolved in Occupational Health and Safety as well. This is something that just won’t be seen again, I hope.

7. V-J Day in Times Square – Alfred Eisenstaedt – 1945

It is fair that the image related to the end of World War II came out of the hands and eyes of a Jewish photographer. Here we can appreciate the great moment two of the greatest symbols of the war meet in a deep and passionate kiss.

World Famous Photos - V-J day in Times Square - Alfred Eisenstaedt – 1945
© Alfred Eisenstaedt

The two symbols are humans indeed, but they are the anonymous ambassadors of both all the sailors and all the nurses that worked hard during the war. Both institutions were fundamental pillars that helped the United States to maintain its strength during the horrors of war. The celebration is due to the end of such a violent and bloody period of our modern history, the image was taken in Times Square, New York City.

There is another image from a slightly different angle (almost like what happened with the two pictures of Iesha Evans during the Baton Rouge protests in July this year), but the iconic one, due to its point of view and composition (I guess) is the one that Alfred Eisenstaedt took, but still, the less popular image of Victor Jorgensen, is great because it still captures the essence of this great summit of the War.

The image doesn’t give a clear distinction between the two faces in the frame, which hoists the character of the symbols.

8. Einstein’s Birthday – Arthur Sasse – 1951

Often called “Einstein’s Tongue,” it is an image that became iconic due to its humorous character. Humor itself requires intelligence, and capturing humor in photography (especially when done candidly) is one of the hardest things to do in the discipline. The picture shows a different profile of Albert Einstein, and its playful and nutty character is what makes the image so great.

World Famous Photos - Einstein’s Birthday - Arthur Sasse – 1951
© Arthur Sasse

The moment occurred during the 72nd Albert Einstein’s birthday celebration, and a lot of photographers were there, but just Sasse captured the one that became iconic. We can delight ourselves with a humorous Einstein instead of the Nobel prize-winning physicist who developed the theory of general relativity. Therefore, we have a more accessible side of Albert Einstein.

A really important background fact of the image is that Einstein enjoyed it so much that he asked the UPI (United Press International) to facilitate nine copies of the cropped image for his personal use. One of those personal uses landed on Howard K. Smith, a friend of Einstein. The image, as predictable, had a little text at the back; the text quoted, “This gesture you will like because it is aimed at all of humanity. A civilian can afford to do what no diplomat would dare.”

9. Guerrillero Heroico – Alberto Korda – 1960

Just like V – J Day felt correctly shot by a Jew, this one feels appropriate to be shot by a Cuban. Ernesto “Che” Guevara was Argentinian, but the close friendship he had with Fidel Castro makes a correct correspondence that the image was, in fact, taken by a Cuban. Alberto Diaz Gutierrez, best known as Alberto Korda, was the official photographer of Fidel Castro for 9 years and traveled with him to many countries as well.

World Famous Photos - Guerrillero Heroico - Alberto Korda - 1960
© Alberto Korda

Ernesto “Che” Guevara was photographed in very remarkable ways, like the one that Rene Burri did of him. But the one that immortalizes the heroic character of Che is Korda’s, without a doubt. It had been widely spread from flags to t-shirts to stickers, and the story behind the image is the following. On March the 4th of 1960, the French freight ship La Coubre was transporting weapons from Belgium to Cuba to equip Castro’s regime. The boat exploded, and Castro blamed it on the United States.

More than 75 persons died in the happening. The next day, a solemn funeral was celebrated in La Habana. While the speakers of the ceremony where dictating some words, Alberto Korda took two images of Guevara. He didn’t notice the picture taking, and with time, the image became not just iconic but symbolic.

Alberto Korda was never happy with the fact that the image was used commercially in the way it did since it was a complete contradiction to Che’s beliefs, the ones he died for.

10. General Nguyen Ngoc Loan Executing a Viet Cong Prisoner – Eddie Adams – 1968

It has been said that no other group of photojournalists had the freedom to portray the atrocities of war than those that walked around the bloody boundaries of the Vietnam War. Here we are in front of one of the cruelest images ever captured by a photographer. The image itself accredited Eddie Adams the Pulitzer Prize in 1969.

World Famous Photos - General Nguyen Ngoc Loan Executing a Viet Cong Prisoner - Eddie Adams – 1968
© Eddie Adams

Eddie Adams explains what happened in this short video. Honestly, it feels like a true and honest reaction of a committed photographer; he saw the officer raising his gun and instinctively raising his camera. The image became iconic almost immediately and serves as raw evidence of the horrors of war.

Related: Creative Photography Ideas

This image is, without any doubt, the most iconic image of the Vietnam War due to its proximity to the exact brief moment one man takes the life of another man. The uniformed South Vietnamese officer shoots a prisoner in the head, and the brutality of the moment got immortalized thanks to photography. This is why Photojournalism is so important: we can remember things that may not be repeated.

11. The Mahatma – By Margaret Bourke – 1946

First of all, we need to understand the importance of the spinning wheel since one can just look at the image and state, “why is it iconic?” The spinning wheel was the strongest symbol of India’s struggle and desire for independence from the United Kingdom.

Gandhi was near one, and the composition seemed appropriate, but Gandhi’s secretaries stopped her and told her that if she was going to make the image with that precise composition, she had to learn how to use one spinning wheel herself.

World Famous Photos - The Mahatma - By Margaret Bourke – 1946
© Margaret Bourke

If Margaret Bourke didn’t have the social skills to accept the traditions and respect the cultural demands, the image simply wouldn’t have happened at all.

LIFE magazine’s first woman photographer was in India in 1946, covering the Indian independence process.

12. Tank Man – Jeff Widener – 1989

Still with his identity uncertain, the picture of the anonymous protestor of Tiananmen Square. The background of the picture is the following. When the Chinese military moved into Beijing, the one-man army individual opposed the long column of tanks that were rumbling into the area.

World Famous Photos - Tank Man - Jeff Widener – 1989
© Jeff Widener

The picture was captured from pretty far away from a hotel room by Jeff Widener, and we can see him talking about the image’s context here:

Fortunately, the tank driver was compassionate and stopped because something like that happened a few months back in Turkey, and the drivers weren’t so human-like the Chinese. Even though images keep reminding us about the atrocities that must not be done, there is still work to do to sensibilize the human race to avoid this kind of event.

The image shows the great power protesting can have.

World Famous Photos | Conclusion

In conclusion, these twelve photos are some of the world’s most famous and well-known images. Each one has an interesting story that helps add context and depth to the photo. These stories provide a glimpse into different cultures and historical moments and help us better understand the world around us.

Articles Related to “12 World Famous Photos and Stories Behind Them“

by Viktor Elizarov
I am a travel photographer and educator from Montreal, Canada, and a founder of PhotoTraces. I travel around the world and share my experiences here. Feel free to check my Travel Portfolio and download Free Lightroom Presets.

Leave a Comment