Are you struggling to understand the best camera settings for wildlife photography? Do you want to get amazing wildlife shots, but you’re just not sure how to deal with your camera equipment?
You’ve come to the right place.
Let’s get started.
Camera Modes Used in Wildlife Photography
If you’re looking to master wildlife photography settings, then you’ll want to start by choosing the appropriate camera mode.
In many genres of photography, Aperture Priority is by far the most popular shooting mode. For instance, travel photographers and landscape photographers love Aperture Priority, because it gives them control over the aperture while leaving the camera to choose a shutter speed.
So when should you use each of these camera modes?
Aperture Priority Mode
First, you should use Aperture Priority when you’re dealing with quickly changing light and you don’t want to spend time fiddling with camera settings. Aperture Priority will let you dial in an aperture, and your camera will choose a shutter speed that promises a good exposure result.
For instance, if you’re shooting birds that are moving in and out of a shaded environment, Aperture Priority is the way to go. Aperture Priority is also good when you’re photographing birds late in the day and the sun is dropping rapidly because it prevents you from having to focus on adjusting your shutter speed to account for the changing light.
Instead, you can focus on capturing beautiful bird photos.
Speaking of which:
In other words:
Manual mode will allow you the most flexibility so that you can make the best possible choice.
Shutter Priority Mode
Shutter Priority, on the other hand, gives you control over your shutter speed – though your camera will choose the corresponding aperture. Personally, I use this mode least, but there are times when it can be helpful.
So while there’s no one best camera mode for wildlife photography, there are certainly situations where one mode makes sense over the others.
Camera Settings and Techniques to Get the Right Exposure
Now that you know how to choose the proper camera mode, it’s time to get into the details of wildlife camera settings.
Shutter Speed Settings
To attain perfect sharpness, you’ll generally need to shoot at 1/1000s or higher for moving animals (higher is better!). Birds in flight can require 1/2000s shutter speeds or even 1/4000s.
In other words, wildlife photography requires fast shutter speeds. And these shutter speeds will determine your choice of exposure settings.
Sure, if you’re photographing a sleeping animal you won’t need to boost your shutter speed. But you’ll find that wildlife is rarely cooperative and that you have to be prepared for things to change, fast.
You should also be prepared to shoot in bursts, with your camera set to its continuous shooting mode. Wildlife photographers often shoot in long bursts, and don’t stop until the action is over; this is how they manage to get once-in-a-lifetime photos!
Now, while aperture is less important in wildlife photography than other photography genres, it still matters. Generally, you want to keep the entire animal sharp, from front to back. You don’t want to end up with a sharp head but a blurry back, for instance. Or the front two legs sharp and the back two legs blurry.
This often requires an aperture of at least f/6.3, but f/7.1 or f/8 is safer.
I recommend you think about the shutter speed first. If your shot is blurry, then it should be rejected – so the shutter speed is of utmost importance. Then you can decide whether you want to deepen the depth of field or keep noise levels down.
Camera Settings and Focusing Techniques
While a big part of good wildlife photography is about choosing the right aperture, shutter speed, and ISO…
…you’ve also got to master focusing.
Wildlife rarely stays still, which means that you must track critters with a long lens – which is hardly an easy task!
Now, there are a few camera settings that you should absolutely be using for focusing in wildlife photography:
The exception is in situations where your subject is stationary, in which case AF-S (One-shot AF) is a good choice.
Dynamic Autofocus Mode
Second, when shooting active wildlife, you should have your camera area mode set to Dynamic AF, which will ensure your camera tracks the subject as you follow it. Without Dynamic AF, you’ll struggle to maintain focus in a number of situations: birds flying, cheetahs running, and more.
If your subject is stationary, then Single-Point AF is fine.
Rounding Things Up: Camera Settings For Wildlife Photography
Now let’s take a brief look at everything we’ve covered:
- Use Shutter Priority when shooting fast-moving objects (birds)
- Use Aperture Priority when dealing with quickly changing light
- Use Manual mode when you want complete control
- Choose a shutter speed that will freeze your subject’s movement
- Choose an aperture that will keep your entire subject sharp, if possible
- Compromise on aperture or ISO when in low-light situations
- Use your continuous shooting mode to catch the perfect moment
- Use Continuous AF when shooting moving wildlife
- Use Dynamic AF when tracking active animals
You should now feel confident when going out to shoot wildlife–because you know the precise settings you need for stunning wildlife photos.
So go find some wildlife to shoot, while keeping these settings in mind.
And your shots will be gorgeous!